FCI-Standard N° 243 / 09. 06. 1999/ GB
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 14.08.1996.
UTILIZATION : Sledge dog.
Group 5 Spitz and primitive types
Section 1 Nordic Sledge Dogs.
Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: The Alaskan Malamute, one of the oldest
Arctic sledge dogs, is a powerful and substantially
built dog with deep chest and strong, well-muscled body.
The Malamute stands well over the pads, and this stance
gives the appearance of much activity and a proud
carriage, with head erect and eyes alert showing
interest and curiosity. The head is broad. Ears are
triangular and erect when alerted. The muzzle is bulky,
only slight diminishing in width from root to nose. The
muzzle is not pointed or long, yet not stubby. The coat
is thick with a coarse guard coat of sufficient length
to protect a woolly undercoat. Malamutes are of various
colors. Face markings are a distinguishing feature.
These consist of a cap over the head, the face either
all white or marked with a bar and/or a mask. The tail
is well furred, carried over the back, and has the
appearance of a waving plume. The Malamute must be a
heavy boned dog with sound legs, good feet, deep chest
and powerful shoulders, and have all of the other
physical attributes necessary for the efficient
performance of his job. The gait must be steady,
balanced, tireless and totally efficient. He is not
intended as a racing sledge dog designed to compete in
speed trials. The Malamute is structured for strength
and endurance, and any characteristic of the individual
specimen, including temperament, which interferes with
the accomplishment of this purpose, is to be considered
the most serious of faults.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS : The depth of
chest is approximately one half the height of the dog at
the shoulders, the deepest point being just behind the
forelegs. The length of the body from point of shoulder
to the rear point of pelvis is longer than the height of
the body from ground to top of the withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : The Alaskan
Malamute is an affectionate, friendly dog, not a "
one-man " dog. He is a loyal, devoted companion, playful
in invitation, but generally impressive by his dignity
HEAD : The head is broad and deep, not
coarse or clumsy, but in proportion to the size of the
dog. The expression is soft and indicates an
Skull : Broad and moderately rounded
between the ears, gradually narrowing and flattening on
top as it approaches the eyes, rounding off to cheeks.
There is a slight furrow between the eyes. The topline
of the skull and the topline of the muzzle show a slight
break downward from a straight line as they join.
Stop : Shallow.
Nose : In all coat colors, except
reds, the nose, lips, and eye rim pigmentation is black.
Brown is permitted in red dogs. The lighter streaked "
snow nose " is acceptable.
Muzzle : Large and bulky in
proportion to the size of the skull, diminishing
slightly in width and depth from junction with the skull
to the nose.
Lips : Close fitting.
Jaws/Teeth : Broad with large
teeth. The incisors meet with a scissor bite. Overshot
or undershot is a fault.
Cheeks : Moderately flat.
Eyes : Obliquely placed in the
skull. Eyes are brown, almond shaped and of medium size.
Blue eyes are a disqualifying fault.
Ears : Of medium size, but
small in proportion to the head. The ears are triangular
in shape and slightly rounded at tips. They are set wide
apart on the outside back edges of the skull on line
with the upper corner of the eye, giving ears the
appearance, when erect, of standing off from the skull.
Erect ears point slightly forward, but when the dog is
at work, the ears are sometimes folded against the
skull. High set ears are a fault.
Strong and moderately arched.
BODY : Compactly built but not short
coupled. The body carries no excess weight, and bone is
in proportion to size.
Back : Straight and gently
sloping to the hips.
Loins : Hard and well muscled.
A long loin that may weaken the back is a fault.
Chest : Well developed.
TAIL : Moderately set; follows the line
of the spine at the base. Carried over the back when not
working. It is not a snap tail or curled tight against
the back, nor is it short furred like a fox brush. The
Malamute tail is well furred and has the appearance of a
FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs heavily boned and
muscled, straight to the pasterns when viewed from the
Shoulders : Moderately
Pasterns : Short and strong
and slightly sloping when viewed from the side.
HINDQUARTERS : The rear legs are broad.
When viewed from the rear, the legs stand and move true
in line with the movement of the front legs, not too
close or too wide. Dewclaws on the rear legs are
undesirable and should be removed shortly after puppies
Thighs : Heavily muscled.
Stifles : Moderately bent.
Hock joints : Moderately bent
and well let down.
FEET : Of the " snowshoe " type, tight
and deep, with well-cushioned pads, giving a firm,
compact appearance. The feet are large, toes tight
fitting and well arched. There is a protective growth of
hair between the toes. The pads are thick and tough;
toenails short and strong.
GAIT/MOVEMENT : The gait of the
Malamute is steady, balanced and powerful. He is agile
for his size and build. When viewed from the side, the
hindquarters exhibit strong rear drive that is
transmitted through a well-muscled loin to forequarters.
The forequarters receive the drive from the rear with a
smooth reaching stride. When viewed from the front or
from the rear, the legs move true in line, not too close
or too wide. At a fast trot, the feet will converge
toward the centerline of the body. A stilted gait, or
any gait that is not completely efficient and tireless
is to be penalized.
HAIR : The Malamute has a thick, coarse guard
coat, never long and soft. The undercoat is dense, from
one to two inches in depth, oily and woolly. The coarse
guard coat varies in length as does the undercoat. The
coat is relatively short to medium along the sides of
the body, with the length of the coat increasing around
the shoulders and neck, down the back, over the croup
and in the breeching and plume. Malamutes usually have a
shorter and less dense coat during the summer months.
The Malamute is shown naturally. Trimming is not
acceptable except to provide a clean cut appearance of
COLOR : The usual colors range from
light gray through intermediate shadings to black,
sable, and shading of sable to red. Color combinations
are acceptable in undercoats, points and trimmings. The
only solid color allowable is all-white. White is always
the predominant color on underbody, parts of legs, feet,
and part of face markings. A white blaze on the forehead
and/or collar or a spot on the nape is attractive and
acceptable. The Malamute is mantled, and broken colors
extending over the body or uneven splashing are
SIZE / WEIGHT : There is a natural
range in size in the breed. The desirable freighting
sizes are :
Males : 25 inches at the
shoulders - 85 pounds (63,5 cm - 38 kg).
Females : 23 inches at the
shoulders - 75 pounds (58,5 cm - 34 kg).
However, size consideration should not outweigh that of
type, proportion, movement and other functional
attributes. When dogs are judged equal in type,
proportion, movement, the dog nearest the desirable
freighting size is to be preferred.
IMPORTANT SUMMARY :
In judging Alaskan Malamutes their function as
a sledge dog for heavy freighting in the Arctic must be
given consideration above all else. The degree to which
a dog is penalized should depend upon the extent to
which the dog deviates from the description of the ideal
Malamute and upon the extent to which the particular
fault would actually affect the working ability of the
dog. The legs of the Malamute must indicate unusual
strength and tremendous propelling power. Any indication
of unsoundness in legs and feet, front or rear, standing
or moving, is to be considered a serious fault. Faults
under this provision would be splay-footedness, cowhocks,
bad pasterns, straight shoulders, lack of angulation,
stilted gait (or any gait that isn't balanced, strong
and steady), ranginess, shallowness, ponderousness,
lightness of bone and poor overall proportion.
FAULTS : Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault and
the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree.
ELIMINATING FAULT : Blue
N.B. : Male animals should have two
apparently normal testicles fully descended into the